Borobudur temple is a famous tourist attraction near Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It was built around the year 800 AD by Syailendra dynasty. There are several theories explaining of Borobudur’s name and one of the names comes from Sambharabhudhara Borobudur, which means holy place on the mountain.
There is some other folk Etymology, that Borobudur derived from the words of Buddhas due to shifting the sound to Borobudur. Another explanation, that comes from 2 words namely Bara and Beduhur. There is another explanation that Bara came from Sanskrit, which means temple or monastery complex and means beduhur. Historian J.G. de Casparis found Borobudur is a place of worship. According to the inscription Karangtengah and Kahulunan, Casparis predict who has founded Borobudur temple is the king of Syailendra dynasty named Samaratungga, who did the construction in 824 AD.
Built new temple and it could be completed by the time her daughter, it was Queen Pramudawardhani. Borobudur Development is expected to take 50 years. In Karangtengah inscriptions also mentioned about the bestowal of land free by Ç.R Kahulunan Pramudawardhani. Location of Borobudur temple is on Manoreh hill, stretching from east to west. While the east part is mount Merapi and Merbabu and at the west part, there are mount Sindoro and Sumbing.
It made from equivalent andesite blocks with 90.000 square meters to build the temple. The overall weight of the temple reached 5.5 million tons. Like most temples, Borobudur has 3 parts, namely the legs, body, and top. At the foot called Kamadhatu, which tells the story of a life filled with lust and bestiality. The middle part is Ruphadatu, which describes a level of consciousness that is still bound to lust, material, and shape. The third is Aruphadatu, material, and shape depicted in the form of empty Stupa. That only can be achieved with desire and emptiness.