Botanical Garden located in the center of Bogor town or the south part of Jakarta about 60 kilometers. The land area is about 80 acres include the state and Presidential Palace or Istana Bogor. The founder of Bogor Botanical Garden was Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt appointed in 1817 as Director of Business Agricultural. As a botanist, he was very interested to investigate plants used by the Javanese for household and medical.
With the permission of the governor, he decided to change the gardens around the Governor's residence, Buitenzorg, botanical garden and he can bring kind of plants from all over the archipelago. He became the first director of Lands Plantation and introduced 900 species of plants.
The researchers also conducted botanical research development of cassava as an alternative food source. The introduction of quinine was used to treat malaria and some medicinal plants. Currently Bogor Botanical Garden has more than 15.000 species of plants and 50 species of birds and bats. There is a house that has 3.000 orchid species of orchids and it does not need to be a botanist to enjoy the beauty of Bogor Botanical Garden.